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旧运输集装箱的二次生命:农场、商店和住房

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悟空 发表于 2018-11-28 18:12:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
旧运输集装箱的二次生命:农场,商店和住房

A SECOND LIFE FOR OLD SHIPPING CONTAINERS: FARMS, SHOPS AND HOUSING


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位于新泽西州怀尔德伍德的artBOX艺术家基地由11个重新改造的集装箱组成。

The artBOX artist colony in Wildwood, NJ is made up of 11 re-purposed shipping containers.

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四个金属墙都是必要的。

FOUR METAL WALLS IS ALL THAT'S NECESSARY TO DO GOOD.

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你已经看到它们堆叠在六个高处的货船上拉入港口,这是一个多色马赛克的波纹金属盒子,载着来自海洋另一端的产品。 为船舶、卡车和火车之间的无缝过渡而设计,这些钢或铝箱的标准尺寸通常为20英尺长。 在全球范围内,这一长度相当于3450万。

You’ve seen them stacked six high on cargo ships pulling into port, the multi-colored mosaic of corrugated metal boxes carrying products from the other end of the ocean. Built for seamless transition between ships, trucks and trains, the standard size for these crates of steel or aluminum is usually 20-feet long. Worldwide, there’s the equivalent of 34.5 million at that length.

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集装箱最好的资本是它几乎无穷无尽的可重复使用性,这种品质吸引了海运业以外的人。 我们之前写过关于这些箱子如何通过在空旷的停车场上设置弹出式商店,一个无家可归的人如何在清理南加州海滩时生活在一起,以及如何将它们转换成太阳能立方体的方式来重振克利夫兰市中心。看似多用途,我们决定研究一些其他令人惊讶的运输集装箱用于解决社会问题的方法。这是我们发现的三个鼓舞人心的项目:

The container’s best asset is its near-endless reusability, a quality that’s attracted those outside the maritime industry. We have written before about how these boxes revitalized downtown Cleveland by lining empty parking lots with pop-up shops, how a homeless man lived in one while he cleaned up a Southern California beach, and how they could be converted into solar power cubes. Seemingly all-purpose, we decided to look into some of the other surprising ways shipping containers are being (re)used to solve social problems. Here’s three inspiring projects we found:

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都市农业

Urban Agriculture

2013年,美国进口了超过1000亿美元的食品,其中大部分产自海外,如中国,印度,法国和智利。马萨诸塞州的两位企业家布拉德·麦克纳马拉(Brad McNamara)和乔恩·弗里德曼(Jon Friedman)将这些盒子改装成集装箱农场,而不是将我们的产品运到我们的容在他们的集装箱内,密集的植物和蔬菜堆叠水生长,这意味着他们的根部可以达到富含矿物质的溶液而不是污垢。 “我们的目标是创建一个在阿拉斯加和达拉斯一样的系统,”弗里德曼说到。它全部由计算机控制 - LED的强度增长,水的pH值平衡,通过灌溉系统释放的养分密度 - 因此作物可以全年生长。 “每个农场都是一个支持WiFi的热点,所以你的农场被放下,它被插入,它立即在网上,”麦克纳马拉告诉当地的公共广播电台。使用移动应用程序,农民可以设置警报和警报。 “因此,如果你在家里,外面真的很冷,你的农场被雪覆盖,你实际上不必离开你的房子去检查事情,”他补充道。每个集装箱可以产生相当于一英亩的食物。

The United States imported more than $100 billion in food in 2013, the bulk of which is grown overseas in places like China, India, France and Chile. Rather than having our produce shipped to us in a container, two Massachusetts entrepreneurs — Brad McNamara and Jon Friedman — converted the boxes into Freight Farms. Inside their containers, dense stacks of plants and vegetables grow hydroponically, meaning their roots reach into a mineral-rich solution rather than dirt. “Our goal was to create a system that works the same in Alaska as it does in Dallas,” Friedman tells Outside magazine. It’s all controlled by computer — the intensity of the LED grow lights, the water’s pH balance, the density of nutrients released through the irrigation system — so crops can grow year-round. “Each farm is a WiFi-enabled hotspot, so your farm gets put down, it’s plugged in and it’s immediately on the web,” McNamara tells the local public radio station. Using a mobile app, farmers can set alerts and alarms. “So if you’re at home and it’s really cold outside, your farm’s covered in snow, you don’t actually have to leave your house to go check on things,” he adds. Each container can produce the equivalent of one acre’s worth of food.

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商业重建

Commercial Redevelopment

回收工业材料往往是城市重建的必要条件。

Reclaiming industrial materials is often a go-to for urban redevelopment.

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在泽西海岸,可能曾经停靠在纽瓦克港口的集装箱正在转换成海滩上的商店和艺术家工作室。

On the Jersey Shore, shipping containers that might have once been docked in the Newark Bay ports are being converted into stores and artists studios on the beach.

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在新泽西州阿斯伯里帕克,Eddie Catalano出售冰淇淋。

In Asbury Park, N.J., Eddie Catalano sells ice cream;

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在附近的木板路上,另一个由Sari Perlstein经营的集装箱提供精品服装。

on a boardwalk nearby, another container run by Sari Perlstein offers boutique clothing.

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“我实际上从没想过在这么小的空间里能够得到我需要的所有设备,”Catalano说到。 “看哪,六年后,它有效。它绝对有效。“他说这些结构并不是”最吸引人的“,但它们的功能非常强大。 “它可以很好地处理元素,它可以很好地处理天气,”他补充道。在飓风桑迪期间,集装箱坚固在立在木板路上。另一方面,Perlstein的实体店并没有幸免于洪水。这就是为什么她把她的操作移到木板路上的集装箱里。现在,“如果有一场可怕的风暴,我们可以得到一台起重机并将其移走。我们可以把它带走,“她说。 “这是一个加分。因为如果它再次成为一座建筑物,你就会挥手告别。“

“I actually never thought it would be possible to get all the equipment that I need in such a small space,” Catalano tells the local paper. “Lo and behold, six years later, it works. It definitely works.” He says the structures aren’t the “most attractive,” but they’re highly functional. “It handles the elements well, it handles the weather well,” he adds. During Hurricane Sandy, the big box stayed firm on the boardwalk. Perlstein’s brick-and-mortar store, on the other hand, wasn’t spared from the flooding. It’s why she moved her operation into the box on the boardwalk. Now, “if there were a horrific storm we can get a crane and move that thing off. We can take it away,” she says. “That is a plus. Because if it was a building again, you’d just wave it goodbye.”

无家可归者的家园

Homes for the Homeless

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坚固的结构,防水和设计不生锈,运输集装箱已被提出作为我们住房紧缩的解决方案。非营利组织退伍军人住房开发公司(Wyterans Housing Development)正在默特尔海滩(Myrtle Beach,S.C.)将集装箱装箱翻新成为无家可归者退伍军人居住的永久地点。 “任何人都会注意到在街角和霍里郡地区以及全国各地的帐篷城市看到无家可归的退伍军人。 ...我对此充满热情,因为我讨厌在街上看到那些老兵,“布拉德乔丹,一位残疾退伍军人和非营利组织的执行董事说到。 “有很多资金可用于退伍军人住房,但不是很多可用的住房。”该团队最近完成了他们的第一套单卧室住宅并在筹款活动中展示。他们的最终目标是在城镇的某个地方建立一个封闭式的村庄,“一个安全,安全的环境,其计划将帮助退伍军人,”乔丹补充道。 “如果我们建造40个[房屋],明天就会有40个房屋。需要就在那里。“

Hardy structures, watertight and designed not to rust, shipping containers have been proposed as a solution to our housing crunch. In Myrtle Beach, S.C., the Veterans Housing Development, a recently founded nonprofit, is refurbishing shipping containers into a permanent place for homeless veterans to stay. “Anyone notices and sees homeless veterans on street corners and in tent cities around the Horry County area, and around the country. … I have a passion for this because I hate seeing veterans out there on the streets,” Brad Jordan, a disabled veteran and the nonprofit’s executive director, tells The State. “There’s a lot of funding available for veterans housing, but not a lot of housing available.” The group recently finished their first one-bedroom home and displayed it at a fundraiser. Their ultimate goal is to create a gated village somewhere in town, “a secure and safe environment with programs that are going to assist the veterans,” Jordan adds. “If we build 40 [homes], there would be 40 filled tomorrow. The need is there.”

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上海集装客文化发展有限公司

Shanghai Art Boxxer Culture Development Co., Ltd.

集装客 I 集装箱模块世界的中国创异之美。

上海简迈旗下的上海集装客文化发展有限公司是专门提供集装箱整体解决方案的专业公司。公司拥有业内顶尖的集装箱建筑设计团队和现代化集装箱制造工厂,为客户提供移动式集装箱建筑设计、改造、装修及安装一条龙服务,建成产品包括集装箱民宿酒店、售楼部、别墅公寓、展厅、样板间、酒吧、艺术中心、商业街区、军用方舱等。

集装箱住宅是世界增长最快的住房类型,用回收的集装箱建造房屋、庇护所和生存掩体是一种非常经济和高效的方法,也是一种快速、绿色和可持续的方法。

产品亮点

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