集装箱短缺,货主主动加价才能订舱, 船公司“疯狂”加征附加费!

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悟空 发表于 2021-2-15 09:06:23 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
据台湾媒体工商时报报道,因全球疫情升温,各国港口缺柜、缺工,加上码头拥挤,集装箱航运市场淡季超旺,全航线运价上涨,并开始收取各项附加费,价格从200~1,000美元都有。美国线虽因交通运输部干预难以涨价,但托运人自动加价的情况并不罕见,买舱费行情从950~1,250美元,也因运价疯涨,船公司欧美线回程多已拒收货,全速载空柜回航亚洲。

海运业者指出,欧美疫情升温,造成港口缺工、缺车、缺车架,船舶准班率从6月的85~90%,降到9月的56%,船期平均延误五天,且准点率持续下降中,目前美国西岸港口候港时间要四~五天,澳洲与新西兰虽然疫情控制情况较佳,但因各项管制依然造成码头拥挤,像奥克兰候港时间超过十天,英国的费列斯托则因塞港已宣布停收空柜。

为了赶回船期,也为了尽速将欧美空柜运回亚洲装出口货,船公司都已尽量不收回程货,尤其是美国内陆输往亚洲的货物,其中属出口旺季的美国谷物,因为集装箱进出内陆约要花两星期时间,且谷物属于重货,影响船只装载量,德国赫伯罗特公开宣布停收,其他公司虽未宣布,实际上多数都拒收。

业者分析,美国运往亚洲的货物,每大箱(40TEU)运价多数仅在400到500美元,而亚洲运往美西的货物,每大箱运价超过3,800美元,运往美东超过4,600美元,以目前运价结构,船公司自然是放弃回程货,如果收了回程货,因为都是重货,装载量会降到七成左右,航速也会变慢,现在回程因为载空柜全速航行,航行时间约自13天缩短为11天。

另一方面因为缺舱缺柜,托运人为了确保货物如期运送,主动加价以取得船公司保证舱位,美国线买舱费行情每大箱在950~1,250美元之间;据透露,托运人还须主动发MAIL向船公司提出加价要求才会受理。

本月6日起,缺柜严重的深圳港,万海航运等对于运往东南亚货物已开始收取每箱500美元,每大箱1,000美元的缺柜费,等于是运价翻涨一倍以上;马士基、地中海航运与法国达飞等,对东亚地区,包括台湾在内运往新西兰的集装箱征收200到300美元的码头拥挤附加费。由于船公司受反托拉斯法约束,不能采取联合涨价行动,每家公司都有不同名目与不同价格的附加费。

多个船公司为弥补运营成本增加带来的损失,发布了通知,开始加收各种附加费。根据不完全统计,11月将有超10项的附加费开始加征。

1

CMA征收中国至俄罗斯旺季附加费

Please find the Peak Season Surcharge(PSS) rates applicable as from November 22nd, 2020(date of loading in the origin ports) until further notice.

This PSS will apply as follows:

Origin: From all Chinese ports

Destination: To Vladivostok & Vostochny, Russia

Cargo: Dry & OOG

Amount: USD 125 per TEU

Date of application: November 22nd, 2020(date of loading in the origin ports) until further notice

2

CMA征收新西兰港口拥堵费PCS

Consequently, CMA CGM informs its customers that a Port Congestion Surchargeof USD 200 per TEU(both standard & reefer containers) will be introduced for all containers arriving/departing Auckland.

Application dates are as follows:

Non US Trades:

    Export cargo for all vessels departing Auckland on or after November 17th, 2020Import cargo to Auckland for all vessels departing origin on or after November 17th, 2020
US Trades:

    Export cargo for all vessels departing Auckland on or after December 3rd, 2020Import cargo to Auckland for all vessels received at origin on or after December 3rd, 2020
Payment: Collect for imports and on prepaid basis for exports

3

CMA征收东南非GRR

Effective November 15th, 2020 (B/L date):

From Asia including China, Taiwan, South Korea, South East Asia, East Coast of India, Bangladesh & Sri Lanka (Japan excluded)

To Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique (all ports) & South Africa (all ports)

All cargo dry, OOG and breakbulk

Quantum: USD 300/TEU

4

CMA地中海航线涨价

CMA公告,自提单ETD 2020年11月15日起,针对所有亚洲出口至地中海航线(地西、亚得里亚海、黑海、地东和叙利亚)的货柜执行涨价。上涨后的FAK价格如下。
s1.png


These new FAK rates will apply as follows:

Origin Range: From all Asian main ports


Destination Range: To all Mediterranean base ports (areas mentioned above)

Date of application: From November 15th, 2020(date of loading in the origin ports) and until further notice but not beyond November 30th, 2020
s2.png


In a continued effort to provide its customers with reliable and efficient services, CMA CGM wishes to remind its customers of the following Overweight Surcharge applicable since June 1st, 2020 until further notice.

From North East Asia, South East Asia, China and Hong Kong & Macau SAR

To East Med, West Med, Adriatic & Black Sea

Cargo: 20' Dry containers with gross weight equal or superior to 21 tons (tare included)

Quantum: USD 150 per 20'

Payment: as per freight

5

CMA北非航线上涨

CMA公告,自提单ETD 2020年11月15日起,针对所有亚洲出口至北非航线的货柜执行涨价。

上涨后的FAK价格如下:
s3.png


These new FAK rates will apply as follows:

Origin Range: From all Asian main ports


Destination Range: To all North African base ports (areas mentioned above)

Date of application: From November 15th, 2020(date of loading in the origin ports) and until further notice but not beyond November 30th, 2020

6

CMA征收巴西LWS

CMA CGM reminds a Low Water Surcharge (LWS) is applicable to all cargo to Manaus, Brazil as follows:

Port: Manaus, Brazil


Perimeter: Imports into Manaus

Cargo: Dry & Reefer

Amounts: USD 150 per TEU dry | USD 250 per Reefer unit

Payment: Prepaid

Application (all origins except US to Manaus): From October 21st to December 21st, 2020

Application (US & territories to Manaus): From November 20th to December 21st, 2020

7

CMA征收福州马尾进口冷柜PCS

CMA公告,因进口冷柜海关查验时间长,马尾港开始拥堵,且插电桩利用率处于高位,预计这一状态会持续至今年底。

Due to longer customs inspection of reefer imports, the port of Mawei Fuzhou, China is currently experiencing congestion, with most reefer plugs being occupied and supply is likely to remain tight until end 2020. Until plugs become available, cargo is held at transhipment port to ensure your reefer cargo remains in premium condition.

In this respect, and to cover the additional costs, please be informed that CMA CGM will be implementing a Port Congestion Surchargeas follows:

From worldwide

To Mawei Fuzhou, China

Cargo: Reefer only

Amount:USD 800 per Reefer unit

Application date: November 1st, 2020 until further notice (except from US: November 27th, 2020 and Brazil: November 27th to December 31st, 2020)

Payment: Prepaid

8

CMA征收英国南安普顿港港口拥堵费
s4.png


CMA CGM announced a series of General Rate Restoration (GRR) and PSS (Port Congestion Surchage) effective from Nov. 1st, covering Asia - North Europe trade, Indian Suncontinent, South Africa and East Africa, etc.. Compared with other carriers, CMA's publishment

Due to the congestion at the port of Southampton, our operational costs have significantly increased over the past weeks.

In this respect, please be informed that CMA CGM will be implementing a Port Congestion Surchargeas follows:

From all Asian ports (including Japan, South East Asia & Bangladesh)

To Southampton, UK

Amount:USD 150 per TEU

Cargo: Dry, Reefer, OOG & Paying empties

Application date: November 1st, 2020 until further notice

9

赫伯罗特征收苏丹港CGD
s5.png


Hapag-Lloyd公告,自提单日ETD 11月17日开始,针对所有出口至Port Sudan(北美和亚洲除外)的货柜征收300欧元/TEU的拥堵费。

In order to maintain a continued high level of service to you, we will implement a Congestion Surcharge (CGD)for all container types from all locations (except North America and Asia Ports) to Port Sudan.

Effective November 17, 2020and until further notice the CGD will be as follows:


s6.png




10

赫伯罗特征收EIS"升柜费"
s7.png


由于其GRI/PSS还未宣布,可能是变相GRI或者再来一波小额GRI,可以结合最终的all-in价格来看。

In a continued effort to provide you with a high level of service and equipment supply, we will apply an Equipment Imbalance Surcharge (EIS) for all 40’High Cube Containers on the westbound trade from China, Macau and Hong Kong to Mediterranean and North Continent ports.

Effective for sailings as of November 15, 2020tariffing date and valid until further notice:

USD 175 per 40’HC

The Ocean Tariff rates as well as Bunker-related surcharges, Security-related surcharges, Terminal Handling Charges (THCs) remain unchanged respectively as announced and can be found here.

Other local charges and contingency surcharges may apply in addition.

来源:港口圈、航空与海运
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